The tidal mangrove forests act as vital buffers
against coastal erosion as well as protective
breeding and nursery zones for numerous fish
and aquatic species. There are mangrove belts
along most of Peninsular Malaysia’s west coast as
well as in Sabah and Sarawak. Some, such as in
Kuala Selangor Nature Park, have boardwalks for
the safety and convenience of visitors.
The most common type of rainforest is the
dipterocarp forest. It is one of nature’s most
complex ecosystems, a habitat for thousands of
plant species ranging from tiny lichens to exotic
palms, ferns and vines and huge trees rising well
over 50m to the heavens. Each has its own role in
the jungle’s cycle of life.
Further up the hills and mountain slopes,
montane forest environments take over with
their cooler ambience and presenting spectacular
views that are well worth the trek.
Jungle trekking can take an hour or more and,
with camping, as many days as desired. Among
the best periods to go trekking in Peninsular
Malaysia is in the ‘dry season’ from March to
September when the rainfall is less. In Sabah,
the ‘wet season’ is from October to February and
Sarawak is from November to February.
In many areas, jungle trekking can be
combined with other interesting activities such
as river expeditions.