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The tidal mangrove forests act as vital buffers

against coastal erosion as well as protective

breeding and nursery zones for numerous fish

and aquatic species. There are mangrove belts

along most of Peninsular Malaysia’s west coast as

well as in Sabah and Sarawak. Some, such as in

Kuala Selangor Nature Park, have boardwalks for

the safety and convenience of visitors.

The most common type of rainforest is the

dipterocarp forest. It is one of nature’s most

complex ecosystems, a habitat for thousands of

plant species ranging from tiny lichens to exotic

palms, ferns and vines and huge trees rising well

over 50m to the heavens. Each has its own role in

the jungle’s cycle of life.

Further up the hills and mountain slopes,

montane forest environments take over with

their cooler ambience and presenting spectacular

views that are well worth the trek.

Jungle trekking can take an hour or more and,

with camping, as many days as desired. Among

the best periods to go trekking in Peninsular

Malaysia is in the ‘dry season’ from March to

September when the rainfall is less. In Sabah,

the ‘wet season’ is from October to February and

Sarawak is from November to February.

In many areas, jungle trekking can be

combined with other interesting activities such

as river expeditions.